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Summarize the importance of vitamins and minerals in diet

    Assignment Instructions

    Assignment Help >> Biology

    CHAPTER 24

    • Describe the processes involved in anabolic and catabolic reactions
    • List and describe the steps necessary for carbohydrate, lipid, and protein metabolism
    • Explain the processes that regulate glucose levels during the absorptive and postabsorptive states
    • Explain how metabolism is essential to maintaining body temperature (thermoregulation)
    • Summarize the importance of vitamins and minerals in the diet

    CHAPTER 25

    • Describe the composition of urine
    • Label structures of the urinary system
    • Characterize the roles of each of the parts of the urinary system
    • Illustrate the macroscopic and microscopic structures of the kidney
    • Trace the flow of blood through the kidney
    • Outline how blood is filtered in the kidney nephron
    • Provide symptoms of kidney failure
    • List some of the solutes filtered, secreted, and reabsorbed in different parts of the nephron
    • Describe the role of a portal system in the kidney
    • Explain how urine osmolarity is hormonally regulated
    • Describe the regulation of major ions by the kidney
    • Summarize the role of the kidneys in maintaining acid-base balance

    CHAPTER 26

    • Identify the body’s main fluid compartments
    • Define plasma osmolality and identify two ways in which plasma osmolality is maintained
    • Identify the six ions most important to the function of the body
    • Define buffer and discuss the role of buffers in the body
    • Explain why bicarbonate must be conserved rather than reabsorbed in the kidney
    • Identify the normal range of blood pH and name the conditions where one has a blood pH that is either too high or too low

    CHAPTER 27

    • Describe the anatomy of the male and female reproductive systems, including their accessory structures
    • Explain the role of hypothalamic and pituitary hormones in male and female reproductive function
    • Trace the path of a sperm cell from its initial production through fertilization of an oocyte
    • Explain the events in the ovary prior to ovulation
    • Describe the development and maturation of the sex organs and the emergence of secondary sex characteristics during puberty

    CHAPTER 28

    • List and explain the steps involved in fertilization
    • Describe the major events in embryonic development
    • Describe the major events in fetal development
    • Discuss the adaptations of a woman’s body to pregnancy
    • Describe the physiologic adjustments that the newborn must make in the first hours of extrauterine life
    • Summarize the physiology of lactation
    • Classify and describe the different patterns of inheritance

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